What is the meaning of synchronization in a engine?

Cars & Vehicles
Fuel and Engines

The camshaft ( it actuates the opening and closing of the cylinder head valves) has to be synchronized with the crankshaft (via the timing belt). Otherwise the pistons would hit and bend the valves.

The spark plug firing has to be synchronized to the compression of the gas fuel mixture.

The fuel injectors have to be synchronized to the opening of the intake valves.

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