How does a 2 stroke diesel engine work?

The two-stroke diesel cycle goes like this: When the piston is at the top of its travel, the cylinder contains a charge of highly compressed air.

Diesel fuel is sprayed into the cylinder by the injector and immediately ignites because of the heat and pressure inside the cylinder.

This is the compression stroke.

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How does a 2-stroke engine work?

1) As the piston moves from bottom dead center to top dead center it creates avacuum to draw the fuel / air mixture through the carburetor and past the reed valve assembly.2) The piston moves down from top dead center to bottom dead center. The reed closes, causing the pressure to build in the cy...

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How does a 2 stroke dirt bike engine work?

A 2-stroke dirt bike engine works on two strokes or cycles of a piston.On one of the two strokes, the air-fuel mix is drawn into the combustion chamber via the transfer port from the crankcase.As the piston nears the top of the combustion chamber the spark plug ignites the air-fuel mix.

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How does a 4 stroke diesel engine work?

The diesel engine uses a four-stroke combustion cycle just like a gasoline engine.The four strokes are: Intake stroke -- The intake valve opens up, letting in air and moving the piston down.Compression stroke -- The piston moves back up and compresses the air.

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How does a 2 stroke engine work animation?

At the top of the stroke, the spark plug ignites the fuel mixture.(At the same time, another crankcase compression stroke is happening beneath the piston.) Since the two stroke engine fires on every revolution of the crankshaft, a two stroke engine is usually more powerful than a four stroke engi...

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Can Mixed 2 Stroke gas Work in 4 Stroke Engine?

Yes it will work, but not well. If there is not too much of it,it will just burn blacker exhaust and foul up your plugs.

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How does a 4 stroke engine work?

A four-stroke (also four-cycle) engine is an internal combustion (IC) engine in which the piston completes four separate strokes while turning the crankshaft.In this stroke the piston compresses the air-fuel mixture in preparation for ignition during the power stroke (below).

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How does a four stroke engine work?

A four stroke engine has four cycles. Intake cycle, compression cycle, power cycle, and exhaust cycle. Each corresponds to one full stroke of the piston; therefore, the complete cycle requires two revolutions of the crankshaft to complete.Here is a brief explanation on how it works.The intake val...

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How does a powerband work on a 2 stroke?

most of the time 2-strokes are associated with having a very "narrow" powerband, meaning that you have to keep the rpms within a specific range to maintain power.most 4-strokes tend to have a broader powerband, where they make more power throughout a larger rpm range."Powerband" is the HP/torque ...

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What does a 2 stroke engine mean?

A two-stroke (or two-cycle) engine is a type of internal combustion engine which completes a power cycle with two strokes (up and down movements) of the piston during only one crankshaft revolution.

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Why does a 2 stroke engine backfire?

On a two stroke the reeds generally block it ends up sounding more like an "umph" than a bang.A backfire out the exhaust is generally the result of the engine failing to ignite the air/fuel mixture for several revolutions.The air/fuel mixture passes through, filling the exhaust system with a burn...

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Does a 2 stroke engine need oil?

Unlike a four-stroke engine, whose crankcase is closed except for its ventilation system, a two-stroke engine uses the crankcase as part of the induction tract, and therefore, oil must be mixed with gasoline to be distributed throughout the engine for lubrication.

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How does a 2 stroke engine get spark?

You can understand a two-stroke engine by watching each part of the cycle.Start with the point where the spark plug fires.Fuel and air in the cylinder have been compressed, and when the spark plug fires the mixture ignites.As the piston approaches the bottom of its stroke, the exhaust port is unc...

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How many piston rings does a 2 stroke engine have?

in four stroke engine there are 3 piston rings but 2 stroke engine has one or two piston rings.2 strokes don't require a scraper ring because they are being continuously fed lubricant by way of premix.In a 2 stroke the air/fuel/oil first travels through the crankcase, where the lower end is then ...

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What are the 2 strokes in a 2 stroke engine?

2 stroke engines basically have 2 strokes which can be called as the suction and exhaust or power stroke.In suction stroke, there is suction of the fuel into the combustion chamber through the transfer port when the crank reaches the bottom dead center and the combustion also takes place in this ...

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Are all diesels 2 stroke?

Yes two stroke diesel engine can be there its working is same as 2 stroke petrol engine while differing in charge(only air) and ignition system however it is difficult to burn fuel by compression in 2 stroke diesel engine.marine ships using 2 -stroke diesel engine because of greater power product...

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Will 4 stroke gas work in a 2 stroke engine plane?

for a short time. 2 stroke engines require that oil is mixed with regular gasoline. without the oil the engine will overheat the metal will expand and seize causing Catastrophic engine failure

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Why 2 strokes engines are lighter than 4 strokes engines?

There is no oil resivoir holding oil that weighs around 1.7 pounds per quart. A 2 cycle engine also does not have valves which a 4 cycle does. All this makes the 2 cycle engine simpliar and lighter.

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Why does a 2 stroke engine need oil?

Because 4-stroke engines have a built-in lubrication system with oil being held inside the engine and pumped through it under pressure to feed the bearings, cylinder walls etc.2-stroke engines do not have this so the simplest way of providing the lubrication is to have the oil mixed in with the f...

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Does a 2 stroke dirt bike have engine oil?

The most common weight for dirt bikes is 10w-40.Your owner's manual also explains what ratio to mix your oil and gas for the 2-stroke engine in order to get the best performance.It can be anywhere from 1:100 to 1:8 and all in between.

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How do you start a 2 stroke engine?

To start a 2-stroke engine, you'll need to: Turn the stop-switch to the "on" position.Pump the primer bulb no more than 4 times.Turn the choke on and hold the throttle wide open.Pull the cord quickly until the engine "pops"

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How do you you determine if a natural gas engine is 2 stroke or 4 stroke?

All natural gas engines are 4 stroke. In a 2 stroke engine the oil is mixed with the gasoline. This is not possible when using natural gas as a fuel.

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How a diesel engine works?

I will explain on a 1 cylinder engine. This makes it easier to under stand. Inside the cylinder is a piston that moves up and down tight to the side walls of the cylinder. Connected to the bottom of the piston is a rod. The rod connects to a shaft called a crankshaft at the bottom of the engine. ...

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Why is a 2 stroke called a 2 stroke?

It's called a two-stoke engine because there is a compression stroke and then a combustion stroke.On one side of the piston is the combustion chamber, where the piston is compressing the air/fuel mixture and capturing the energy released by the ignition of the fuel.

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How does the fuel system work on a diesel engine?

In gasoline engine, the air is mixed with fuel and the combined substance gets compressed by pistons.The explosion is ignited by a spark.On the other hand, in a diesel engine, air is compressed first which causes the air to heat up.Then the fuel is injected, which ignites the explosion.

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Compression raito of 2 stroke petrol engine?

This can be anything, depending on the design of the motor.You'll need to be more specific with your question. For example, quote the make and model of the engine etc.

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Which engine is better 2 stroke or 4 stroke?

Four-stroke engines are heavier; they weigh upwards of 50% more than a comparable 2stroke engine.Typically, a 2-stroke engine creates more torque at a higher RPM, while a 4-stroke engine creates a higher torque at a lower RPM.Two-stroke engines require pre-mixing of oil and fuel, while the 4-stro...

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Do all 2 stroke engines have govoners?

no mostly torbo two strokes have govoners

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Do 2 strokes take engine oil?

Unlike a four-stroke engine, whose crankcase is closed except for its ventilation system, a two-stroke engine uses the crankcase as part of the induction tract, and therefore, oil must be mixed with gasoline to be distributed throughout the engine for lubrication.

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Why are 2 stroke engines banned?

The 2 stroke engine emits far more toxic substances from its exhaust which is not under the limits mentioned by the Pollution Department.Therefore 2 Stroke Engines are Banned in India.1.2 strokes engines are not fuel efficient and emit more pollutants than four stroke engines.

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What is the advantage of a 2-stroke engine?

Theres a few factors compared to a 4 stroke: 2 strokes are easier to start,and they are alot quicker to rev up.. but then again ive tore down a bunch of 2 strokes,and find them easy to work on.. Most two stokes will not out last a 4 stoke in a mechanical state..Just really depends on the brand..

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Why are 2 stroke engines so loud?

There are two major reasons: Most loud 2 strokes are air cooled and air cooled engines lack the sound dampening created by the water jacket.Because 2 strokes don't have a dedicated exhaust cycle, their exhaust pipes need to be very free flowing in order to clear the cylinder in the short amount o...

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Is there such thing as a 350cc 2 stroke engine?

There have been many examples of a 350cc two stroke engine made over the years. Kawasaki and Yamaha motorcycles used this type of engine as well as many other manufacturers.

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What occurs during up stroke of a 2 stroke cycle engine?

The upstroke of a two-stroke engine has only one function: compression. The downstroke is where power, then exhaust, then intake occur. This is the greatest animation I've seen for explaining a two-stroke engine: http:/www.animatedengines.com/twostroke.shtml

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Do 2 strokes have engine braking?

A two stroke, by design, needs its oil mixed in with the fuel.By engine braking, you are leaning out the mixture, which means you are not getting enough oil in the upper and lower cylinder to properly lubricate the piston rings, which will cause gouging of the cylinder wall.

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How many revolutions does a 2 stroke have?

In a 2-stroke engine, all five functions of the cycle are completed in only two strokes of the piston (or one revolution of the crankshaft).

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How do Diesel engines work?

Diesel engines work by compression. The cylinder chamber has a very high compression ratio and this ignites the vapor mix of diesel fuel and air when injected into the cylinders. Gasoline engines (which have lower compression ratio) need a spark plug to ignite the fuel/air vapor. Diesel engines c...

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How does a two stroke engine combine the four strokes of a typical internal combustion engine?

A two stroke engine combines the four strokes of a typical internal combustion engine into two strokes instead of four.

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What are the four strokes of a diesel engine?

A four-stroke cycle engine completes five Strokes in one operating cycle, including intake, compression, ignition, power, and exhaust Strokes. Intake Stroke. The intake event is when the air-fuel mixture is introduced to fill the combustion chamber. Compression Stroke. Ignition Event. Powe...

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Does HHO work in diesel engines?

So it will work in all engines currently using gasoline (petrol), diesel, bio-diesel, CNG (Compressed Natural Gas), and LPG (Liquid Propane Gas).One of our customers driving an LPG conversion Lorry in the UK, got a 50% increase in mileage when he added our hho kit to his vehicle!

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How does a four stroke exhaust power valve work?

Valve operation:The valves are generally powered by an electronic actuator, which activates (opens) at a certain engine RPM, ideally the actuator would be tuned to operate the valve continuously over the entire rev range, with the valve blocking the flow at low rpm, and opening up to allow free f...

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How do you make a 2 stroke?

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How Two Stroke Single cylinder Petrol Engine Working?

As the piston rises it compresses the fuel-air mixture and simultaneously sucks fuel and air into the crankcase. A little bit after top dead center, the spark plug fires the compressed mixture forcing the piston back down. As the piston travels down, it uncovers the exhaust and intake ports. The ...

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How did the first diesel engine work?

Early History of the Diesel Engine.Abstract: In the 1890s, Rudolf Diesel invented an efficient, compression ignition, internal combustion engine that bears his name.Early diesel engines were large and operated at low speeds due to the limitations of their compressed air-assisted fuel injection sy...

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How does a diesel injector work?

The device uses a small nozzle to spray diesel into the combustion chamber.The nozzle has a sequence of small holes so that fuel is distributed accordingly into the cylinder.The system makes use of another valve to suck air from the chamber which is mixed with vaporized diesel to intensify the co...

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How would you know if your quad was a 2 stroke or a 4 stroke?

have a look at the engine if it has a camshaft then its a four stroke, also two strokes have a separate oil bottle for oil.. what make and model is it, Google it to find out more..You can also tell just by listening to it run. 2 cycle has a distinctive higher pitched "Wing-Ding-Ding" noise versus...

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Do 2 stroke outboard motors have engine oil?

By the 1940's, there were dozens of outboard motor companies manufacturing mainly 2-stroke outboard motors.2-stroke outboards generally have an external oil tank with the oil and fuel mixture injected into the cylinder.The oil is consumed and the oil tank level must be maintained, replacing oil a...

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Port timing diagram for two stroke diesel engine?

PORT TIMING DIAGRAM FOR 2S ENGINEAim :To draw the port timing diagram of given two stroke cycle petrol engine .Apparatus Required :1. Two stroke petrol engine2. Measuring tape3. ChalkTheory and Description :In the case of two stroke cycle engines the inlet and exhaust valves are not present . Ins...

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What tipe of engine on scooter buddy 50cc 2 stroke?

Horizontal 2 cycle 50 cc engine. it is sometimes referred to as a "Minerelli Type" because it is a copy of that Italian manufacturers original design. The engine and scooter are manufactured in Taiwan by PGO.

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Who makes 2 stroke outboard engine oil for walmart?

Whoever they can get the best price on it from.

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How does a two stroke engine sucks up fuel?

The suction created by the descending piston sucks the fuel/air mix through the carburettor.

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Is a Yamaha Banshee a 2 stroke?

The Banshee 350 (YFZ350) was an All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) with a two-stroke engine, produced by Yamaha Motor Company.It was manufactured in Japan and sold in the United States from 1987 to 2006.

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How many piston rings does a 4 stroke engine have?

Four stroke engine: Usually, 2-4 compression rings are provided to seal the gases from the combustion chamber, and 1-3 oil-control rings are provided to excess avoid oil ingress in the combustion chamber.The compressor rings are usually of barrel type with taper face for efficient gas sealing.

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How do you drive a 2 stroke bike?

Basic operation is the exact same as a 4 stroke bike, though the older crowd who grew up riding in the 60's, 70's and 80's reccommend always having a finger hovering over the clutch in case the engine seized (Something that won't happen if you take car of the bike and feed it top quality syntheti...

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How do you mix 2 stroke fuel for a quad?

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How do you start a 2 stroke strimmer?

You can buy 2-stroke oil here. Mixing Your Fuel. Your strimmer runs off a mix of semi-synthetic 2-stroke oil and unleaded petrol (40:1). Adding Your Fuel. Remove the fuel cap from your strimmer and add the fuel mixture. 3.Prime. Press the priming bulb 5 to 8 times. Switch On. Set the Chok...

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How much does Diesel Engines and Repair work make a year?

At $80 to $100 dollar an hour charge @ the garage, if you get 25% of that it's $20 an hour or $40,000 a year.

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How long will 2 stroke fuel last?

Most 2 stroke oils stay mixed for ever nowadays in unleaded fuel as unleaded fuel has about 30% aromatics in it (basically solvents like Benzine and Toluline) and these solvents disolve 2 stroke oils really well.Keep it in a steel jerry in a cool place out of the sun and it should last at least 6...

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Why is a 2 stroke faster?

A 2 stroke fires each cylinder, every revolution. In comparison a 4 stroke only fires half the cylinders every revolution. So a 250cc 2-stroke engine should have the same power as a 500cc 4stroke(has the same amount of CC's fired per revolution).

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Is a mini motos a 2 stroke?

The Mini Moto comes equipped with either a two stroke air or water cooled engine which are, depending on the model, capable of speeds of up to 60Mph.

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Is a CRF 80 a 2 stroke?

1983 Honda XR80 The CRF series, manufactured and marketed by Honda, was launched in 2002, both as a successor to the Honda XR series and a replacement for the two-stroke Honda CR series.

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How does a diesel engine stop?

On a gas engine all you have to do is take away the electricity and the engine can't run.A diesel uses the heat of compression to ignite the fuel so removing the electricity from a diesel may not stop it from running.Almost all diesels have an electrically operated fuel shutoff solenoid and elect...

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How does a diesel engine start?

A diesel engine has no spark plugs. Because the air is so compressed and hot at the top of the stroke, the fuel ignites right away when it is injected. This is why a diesel engine is called a "Compression Ignition" engine and gasoline engines are called "Spark Ignition" engine. This also means th...

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How does a diesel engine function?

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How does a diesel engine shut off?

When you cut the power by turning the key, a valve closes and strangles the fuel flow.Older diesel engines used a separate pull-button to close that valve; diesel engines with mechanical fuel injection pump do not need electrical power to run.Once the diesel itself is running, the key is turned o...

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How many times does a spark plug fire per revolution 2 stroke?

A complete combustion cycle takes two revolutions of the crankshaft, so the spark plug(s) would fire 1,000 times in a minute.If the engine used a wasted-spark ignition design, common on simple carbureted engines, the plugs would fire 2,000 times, with every other spark having no effect.

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What oil is faster 2 stroke or 4 stroke?

They are not compatible. 2 stroke oil is formulated to be mixed with gas and burnt, 4 stroke oil is not.Oil is a lubricant. 2 stroke oil is designed to be mixed with gasoline and in that form it lubricates the engine. 4 stroke oil lubricates the engine but is not burned as 2 stroke oil is. This h...

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Is a kx100 a 2 stroke?

Yes it is a 2 stroke dirt bike manufactured by Kawasaki.

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Is a Honda XR a 2 stroke?

The XR 50 is a small four-stroke 50 cc (3.1 cu in) child's entry level motorcycle, produced from 1969 until today.Originally it was called the Z-50, then Trail-50, the XR 50, CRF 50, and the mini dirt bike.

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Is a YZ 450 a 2 stroke?

Most riders considered four-stroke engine technology to be largely utilitarian and uncompetitive, relegated solely for trail riding.In 1996, the AMA changed racing rules to allow 450 cc four strokes to compete in the same racing class as 250 cc two-strokes.

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Do 2 strokes need oil?

Because 4-stroke engines have a built-in lubrication system with oil being held inside the engine and pumped through it under pressure to feed the bearings, cylinder walls etc.2-stroke engines do not have this so the simplest way of providing the lubrication is to have the oil mixed in with the f...

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How does a engine work?

Just like your body converts food into energy, a car engine converts gas into motion.The process of converting gasoline into motion is called "internal combustion." Internal combustion engines use small, controlled explosions to generate the power needed to move your car all the places it needs t...

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How does bore and stroke affect engine performance?

Engine friction is affected by the stroke-to-bore ratio because of two competing effects: crankshaft bearing friction and power-cylinder friction.As the stroke-to-bore ratio decreases, the bearing friction increases because the larger piston area transfers larger forces to the crankshaft bearings.

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Best oil for a 2 stroke?

The best 2-stroke oil is merely a matter of oppinion, but as a former motocross and arenacross racer and cycle enthusiast i have had terrific luck with many brands including spectro, castor 941, klotz, and even some factory brand oils such as yamalube 2R; however the truth of the matter is that t...

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How does a 2 way check valve work?

A two-way check valve allows the source applying the higher pressure to shift the shuttle so that the higher pressure will be directed to the delivery port.The shuttle has blocked off the secondary port and the spring brakes are held off by primary air pressure.This also works in the opposite way.

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What is difference between 2 stroke and 4 stroke?

Four-stroke engines are heavier; they weigh upwards of 50% more than a comparable 2stroke engine.Typically, a 2-stroke engine creates more torque at a higher RPM, while a 4-stroke engine creates a higher torque at a lower RPM.Two-stroke engines require pre-mixing of oil and fuel, while the 4-stro...

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What is the difference between a conventional diesel engine and common rail diesel engine.How does the common rail diesel engine work?

Common rail diesel basic description:A common rail diesel engine differs from a conventional diesel engine in several important respects. A conventional diesel engine works via a mechanical injection system, which relies on the engine's diesel injection pump to deliver the required fuel pressure,...

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How do exhausts work on a two stroke?

The exhaust plays a great part on a 2 stroke than a 4 stroke. The exhaust system is the only thing that is scavenging the cylinder of the burn gases on a 2 stroke, verses the piston pushing most of the exhaust out on a 4 stroke.

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How does injection pump work on a diesel?

An Injection Pump is the device that pumps diesel (as the fuel) into the cylinders of a diesel engine.It rotates at half crankshaft speed in a conventional four-stroke diesel engine.Its timing is such that the fuel is injected only very slightly before top dead centre of that cylinder's compressi...

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What to do if your lawnmower 2-stroke engine has a varying RPM problem?

RPM variation in a 2-stroke can be caused by several reasons, but the most common is fuel supply. Check the external fuel filter, if it has one, if not, check the fuel pick-up filter inside the fuel tank. If the filter is not the problem next check the float and the needle valve and seat. If the ...

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How is a two stroke engine lubricated?

Oil is mixed with the fuel and leaves a film of lubrication on internal parts since the fuel mixture travels through the crankecase prior to ignition.

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How does a 2 pin flasher relay work?

A bimetallic metal strip heats up when current flows and 'springs' the contact open, when it cools the contact closes again.It flashes (cycles) quicker, or not at all, when a bulb is burned out because the lower current heats the bimetallic metal strip less.

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Are 2 strokes still made?

Yamaha still have a few in their lineup, Suzuki offer a couple of models, Kawasaki too.Over in Europe, KTM, Husqvarna and Gas Gas still rely on 2-stroke machinery to pay their bills.The 2-stroke era isn't quite dead yet, but it is dying.

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What does stroke mean in engines?

A four-stroke (also four-cycle) engine is an internal combustion (IC) engine in which the piston completes four separate strokes while turning the crankshaft.A stroke refers to the full travel of the piston along the cylinder, in either direction.

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What does stroke mean in an engine?

A four-stroke (also four-cycle) engine is an internal combustion (IC) engine in which the piston completes four separate strokes while turning the crankshaft.A stroke refers to the full travel of the piston along the cylinder, in either direction.

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The Working fluid in an diesel engine?

The working fluid in an internal combustion engine like a diesel would simply be the air it sucks in and passes out in the exhaust.

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What is the difference between a 4 stroke and a 2 stroke scooter concerning gasoline consumption?

A two stroke will use more fuel usually per mile but the tend to be more torquey and a lot noisier

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What is faster 2-stroke or 4-stroke?

tht all depends on the type of chassis and engine set up. a 2 stroke is going to have a great advantage off of the start but will require more rpms to keep it going at highr speeds because 2 strokes produce lower torque at hihger rpms. 4 strokes on the other hand lack that initial punch of power ...

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How does a diesel engine start in a car?

Like any other carThe starter turns the crankshaft and that gets all the other stuff working to have the car start.

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What temperature does #2 diesel gel?

Diesel fuel gelling happens when the paraffin usually present in diesel starts to solidify when the temperature drops.At 32 degrees, the wax in liquid form will crystallize and leave the fuel tank clouded.At 10-15 degrees, it will finally start to gel and clog the tank and fuel filters.

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How does a car engine work?

Well firstly the air comes through the left header of the engine and the fuel injector sprays out fuel which gives a mixture of air and fuel. Then secondly the piston goes down and divides the torque for the transmission. And when the piston goes back up it will squeeze all the oxygen out of the ...

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How does a internal combustion engine work?

Four simple steps. Induction - brings air and gas to cylinder, compression - pressurises the air and the gas, combustion- ignites the air and the gas creating power, and exhaust - releases fumes. all this happens in the cylinders.

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How does a car engines motor work?

"Car" engines use controlled explosions (depending on how many cylinders) to convert straight line motion into rotating motion.The pistons in an engine (straight line motion) are driven downward due to the force created by the explosion of gasoline and air. The explosion is triggered by a spark c...

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Why are 2 stroke exhausts big?

The basic idea behind an expansion chamber is to use the momentum and pressure of the exhaust gases to create a pump that squeezes more air and fuel into the cylinder during the intake stroke.As the exhaust gases expand into the expansion chamber, they create a vacuum at the exhaust port.

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How is does a car engine work?

Let me tell you this from the start, to explain how a car engine works is probely the hardest thing to do, I couldt figure it out either, it just comes to you at some point..1) A mixture of fuel an air enters the cylinder, which haves a piston inside.2) The piston is forces upwards, compressing t...

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How does a Compression ignition engine work?

A compression ignition engine works with Pistons and Valve openings.There is an intake valve, with lets the fuel and air into the cylinder, and the exhaust valve which allows for the escape of the combustion.The engine starter, supposedly started by a battery, gives the piston an Initial movement...

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How does a turbojet engine work?

Axial Turbojet; Air enters the engine and goes through a compressor, increasing the air's pressure and temperature. The air then enters the combustor where it is mixed with fuel and ignited. Next, the hot gas expands and spins the turbine which powers the compressor. Finally, the exhaust passes t...

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How does a water cooled engine work?

Liquid Cooling As this liquid passes through the hot engine it absorbs heat, cooling the engine.After the fluid leaves the engine, it passes through a heat exchanger, or radiator, which transfers the heat from the fluid to the air blowing through the exchanger.

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How does a truck engine work?

The basic difference between a diesel engine and a gasoline engine is that in a diesel engine, the fuel is sprayed into the combustion chambers through fuel injector nozzles just when the air in each chamber has been placed under such great pressure that it's hot enough to ignite the fuel spontan...

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How does a pulse jet engine work?

A Pulse Jet is a type of jet that uses a pulse jet engine for propulsion. The jet engine works by using pulse combinations of combustion. This is called "resonant combustion". The engine requires very little moving parts.

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How does a Stirling engine works?

Every Stirling engine has a sealed cylinder with one part hot and the other cold.The working gas inside the engine (which is often air, helium, or hydrogen) is moved by a mechanism from the hot side to the cold side.When the gas is on the hot side it expands and pushes up on a piston.

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